Drinking Bone Broth – Is it Beneficial or Just a Fad?

Bone broth is prepared by boiling the bones and connective tissues of various animals in water with the addition of herbs, spices and sometimes small amounts of vegetables.

Broth, including bone broth, is typically used either as a base for soups and stews or as a palate cleanser or beverage. Many kinds of broths are used for flavor but proponents of bone broth suggest that it provides multiple, wide-ranging, and ever growing health benefits such as aiding digestive issues, boosting the immune system, and much more. Bone broth is often recommended as part of the gut and psychology syndrome (GAPS) diet for various ailments such as autism and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and as part of the paleolithic or paleo diet.

Is Bone Broth Good for You?

The purported health benefits are ascribed to the contents of the broth that are leached from the boiled bones, including collagen, bone marrow, amino acids, and minerals. These components are extracted through long, slow cooking and sometimes by adding acids such as vinegar or wine, which can help loosen and dissolve tougher bits.

There is no evidence of an advantage to consuming these amino acids and minerals from bone broth as opposed to other foods.

Bone broth does contain collagen and bone marrow but the claim that consuming these will directly benefit human bones and joints is unfounded. When humans consume collagen, it will be broken down to individual amino acids, minerals, etc. These amino acids and minerals may then act like any amino acid or mineral consumed, but there is no evidence of an advantage to consuming amino acids and minerals from bone broth as opposed to other foods.

Research About Bone Broth

Despite its popularity and the numerous medicinal claims, there is very little scientific research regarding bone broth. I searched the scientific literature and could only find a few studies that were relevant. The earliest study available is from 1934 and published in the journal Archives of Disease in Childhood. The research was conducted by Elsie Widdowson (British dietitian) and Professor Robert McCance (Northern Irish pediatrician) who together made numerous early, vital contributions to the field of nutrition science. This research analyzed the nutritional composition of either bone broth or bone and vegetable broth. It was found that bone broth was a poor source of many nutrients yet the addition of vegetables increased the content of several important nutrients including potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron.[1]

There is a tradition of eating chicken soup, often made using bones, when sick with an infection. Similar to bone broth, there is little research regarding chicken soup and infection. However, a 1978 study found that chicken soup was better than cold or hot water at moving nasal mucus.[2] A subsequent small study conducted by researchers from Nebraska Medical Center and published in a leading medical journal in 2000 (Chest) found that “chicken soup may contain a number of substances with beneficial medicinal activity.” The researchers observed that people eating chicken soup seemed to experience a mild reduction in inflammation that helped reduce symptoms of respiratory infection. However, the actual chicken soup used in this study contained a large proportion of vegetables (onion, sweet potato, parsnip, turnip, carrot, celery, parsley).[3]

The idea that because bone broth or stock contains collagen it somehow translates to collagen in the human body is nonsensical.

In January 2016, TIME magazine ran an article titled: “Science Can’t Explain Why Everyone is Drinking Bone Broth.”[4] This article included excerpts from interviews with respected scientists. William Percy, an associate professor at the University of South Dakota’s Sanford School of Medicine, states, “Since we don’t absorb collagen whole, the idea that eating collagen somehow promotes bone growth is just wishful thinking. The idea that because bone broth or stock contains collagen it somehow translates to collagen in the human body is nonsensical. Collagen is actually a pretty poor source of amino acids.” Further, Dr. Kantha Shelke food scientist and spokesperson for the Institute of Food Technologists, and a principal with the food science and research firm Corvus Blue LLC says, “Eating a diet rich in leafy green vegetables is ideal. Plants offer richer sources in collagen building blocks and, in addition, provide nutrients not found in sufficient quantities in meats or broth.”

Is Bone Broth Harmful?

We can see there is a lack of research regarding bone broth, and the available research is not ground breaking. However, bone broth may have some potentially dangerous contents. Bones are known to store heavy metals, particularly lead. When bone broth is prepared, lead may be released. In 2013, UK scientists conducted a small study looking at the lead content of bone broth made from chicken bones. The broth contained over 10 times more lead than the water alone. Interestingly, the chicken bones in this study were derived from organic animals and the skin and cartilage contributed the highest amount of lead.[5] Similar to the 1934 study, a 2017 study published in the journal Food and Nutrition Research reported that bone broth was a poor source of calcium and magnesium. In contrast to the 2013 study, this more recent study also reported that the lead and cadmium content of bone broth was low. However, the nutritional content and the health effect of bone broth would logically be majorly influenced by both the core ingredients as well as the preparation.[6] Therefore, broad claims about all bone broth are likely to be misleading.

In short, the best we can say from the limited research available is that traditional bone broth appears to be a poor source of nutrients and may in fact contain harmful components. A more healthful alternative appears to be made with the addition of vegetables and the subtraction of the bone…in other words: vegetable soup!


  1. McCance RA, Sheldon W, Widdowson EM. Bone and vegetable broth. Arch Dis Child. 1934 Aug;9(52):251-8.
  2. Saketkhoo K, Januszkiewicz A, Sackner MA. Effects of drinking hot water, cold water, and chicken soup on nasal mucus velocity and nasal airflow resistance. Chest. 1978 Oct;74(4):408-10.
  3. Rennard BO, Ertl RF, Gossman GL, Robbins RA, Rennard SI. Chicken soup inhibits neutrophil chemotaxis in vitro. Chest. 2000 Oct;118(4):1150-7.
  4. TIME magazine. January 2016. Science Can’t Explain Why Everyone is Drinking Bone Broth. Accessed at: http://time.com/4159156/bone-broth-health-benefits/
  5. Monro JA, Leon R, Puri BK. The risk of lead contamination in bone broth diets. Med Hypotheses. 2013 Apr;80(4):389-90.
  6. Hsu DJ, Lee CW, Tsai WC, Chien YC. Essential and toxic metals in animal bone broths. Food Nutr Res. 2017 Jul 18;61(1):1347478.
Problem with Palm Oil !!

Palm oil is the leading cause of orangutan extinction. It’s in 50% of all household and food products sold in the West. It’s an ingredient in shampoo, toothpaste, detergent, frozen microwave dinners, cookies, peanut butter, lotion, makeup and much more!

Palm oil is a type of vegetable oil made from the fruit of the African oil palm tree, which originates in West Africa. However, it can be grown successfully in any humid tropical climate and has taken a strong foothold in Indonesia.

Not only is Palm Oil bad for the environment, and a major cause of climate change, but it is also the leading cause of orangutan extinction.

Every year it is estimated that between 1,000 to 5,000 orangutans are killed in Palm Oil concessions. That is a significant portion of the wild orangutan population which is lost–without fail–every single year.

It’s not too late! This horrific trend can be stopped with a little help from all of us. Your consumer dollars can be the key to help save orangutans from extinction. The palm oil industry only thrives as long as there is a demand for palm oil and consumers keep buying products that contain palm oil. The way that consumers spend their money determines what gets produced and what gets sold.

Say NO to palm oil, and encourage your social circle to boycott palm oil. Many people are unaware of how many products contain palm oil, how many names palm oil goes by, and the dire conservation crisis facing wild orangutan populations and their tropical rain forest habitats. Start a conversation including ways in which we can help. Point them to orangutan.org/palmoil for more info.

Working together to eliminate palm oil consumption from our lives, we can weaken the demand for palm oil and stop orangutans from getting killed. It’s that simple!

Let companies know you care. Email to express your concern that a product contains palm oil, or submit inquires to see if a product contains any form of palm oil, including “sustainable” or RSPO palm oil. OFI supports a 100% boycott of palm oil, as certification schemes such as “RSPOcontinue to permit deforestation and the destruction of peatland forests for plantation development.

DIY! (“Do it Yourself”) Many of the products that most commonly contain palm oil are easy to make at home. Check out this easy starter list from Selva Beat.


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As a follow up to our article on the dirty palm oil industry, we aimed to compile a list that combines two important considerations for truly cruelty-free and sustainable food and products: that they are vegan, and that they are palm oil-free. Unfortunately there are few companies switching to non-use of palm oil, so we expanded the list to include companies that source ‘certified sustainable’ palm oil or are aiming to in the future.

However, there is growing uncertainty in the green community about the reliability of ‘green’ palm oil, with many environmental organizations including Greenpeace, dubbing all palm oil sources certified by the RSPO and other organizations as ‘greenwash’. Corporate members of the RSPO have been found to be some of the most active companies involved  in deforestation. Other companies however attest that certification is a small but initial step in a wider movement towards addressing the problem of palm oil- in exactly those terms. After deciphering much of the jargon we were sent after inquiring about corporate palm oil policies, we cataloged their replies and provided easy links for readers to contact companies themselves. Although companies that use certified palm are listed on the second list, it’s probably best to avoid palm oil altogether if possible, until the mainstream alternative becomes a truly green, sustainable and environmentally accountable way of sourcing palm oil.

Every company we emailed, bar one, replied within 24 hours of me sending the email. These companies want to know what the consumers want. They want to make money from us and if we ask them not to source palm oil at all, they will certainly take that into account.

Don’t feel helpless after reading about the horrific impact of the palm oil industry – you can do a lot with just these lists. Email companies to ask that they reduce their consumption of palm oil, or to go palm oil-free altogether. Or you can do more. Consider checking up on the companies that make the products you use, particularly food items as that is where most palm oil ends up. If the company offers you greenwash or is strangely silent on the issue, drop them an email to see what their policies on palm oil are. Remember, when it comes to rainforests and the countless species that inhabit them, and whether or not they survive,

Borneo is the third largest island in the world, and forty years ago it was covered with dense rainforest. As you read this, loggers in the Borneo rainforest are chopping down the trees, acre by acre. They will burn the wood, which will release huge quantities of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Then they will plant a palm oil plantation, use the fruit and kernels to make oil, and sell it to massive corporations who will use it in every commercial product imaginable, from washing powder, to chocolate, to soap. It sounds like a straightforward commercial enterprise. So what’s so ‘dirty’ about palm oil?

The environmental impact

The deforestation of the Borneo rainforest involves draining its natural peat swamp forests which store huge amounts of carbon that are released into the atmosphere when they are dug up. According to Greenpeace’s in-depth report on the palm oil industry in Borneo, titled Cooking the Climate, the incineration of South East Asia’s peat forests has released 1.8bn tonnes of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. In statistical terms these gases count for 4% of climate-change emissions globally, from only 0.1% of Earth’s land. Most of the cleared land was used to grow palm oil plantations.

In addition to this, the mass clearing of trees for farmland disturbs the ecosystem of the rainforest by decimating rare and exotic flora and fauna. With the planting of a single crop plantation, the natural biodiversity of the rainforest is lost. The mono-crop culture that has long-plagued environmentalists in the west displaces or destroys most of the species in a single sitting, as they are unable to adapt to living within vast acres of a single crop. The environment, habitats and species that are destroyed have lived together since the dawn of the rainforest, and the damage caused by palm oil farming is irreversible. In the words of WWF employee Junaida Payne, transporting this type of agriculture to the rainforest creates ‘biological deserts’.

According to a report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the deforestation that has already taken place in Indonesia for palm oil, and the illegal logging that is still occurring there now, indicate that most of the country’s rainforest will have been destroyed entirely by the year 2022.

The animal impact

A more widely-discussed topic in relation to the ills of the palm oil industry is the loss of endangered species. The orangutan, Asian elephant, Sumatran rhino, and Sumatran tiger are all species whose survival hangs by a thread, to name a few examples. The orangutan’s natural habitat is within the trees of the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra, and without these they cannot survive. Serge Wich of the US Great Ape Trust states that: ‘Unless extraordinary efforts are made soon, it could become the first great-ape species to go extinct.’

The human impact

The mass deforestation that goes hand-in-hand with the palm oil industry also displaces native peoples. They lose the land they have always lived on as well as a precious symbiotic relationship with the rainforest environment. Indigenous groups are evicted from the land to make way for palm oil plantations, and they are powerless to fight back, particularly since much of the logging that takes place is illegal.

Who’s the culprit?

In 2010, Unilever was named as the world’s biggest buyer of palm oil, counting for 3% of total world palm oil production. Other large investors in this environmentally destructive industry are food companies Kraft and General Mills, HSBC bank, agribusiness giant Cargill, and food manufacturer Nestle. Corporations that have been leading palm oil expansion into Indonesia’s peatlands include Gillette, Burger King and McCain.

Other popular brands are also huge investors in the palm oil industry. If you buy products such as Kellogg’s cereals, Hovis bread, Cadbury’s chocolate bars, Flora margarine, Persil washing powder, or anything from Premier Foods, you are likely contributing to the devastation of the rainforests and all its inhabitants, because in many products palm oil is an unlisted ingredient. It can simply be listed as ‘vegetable oil’. Australian citizens have been putting pressure on their government to make it a law for manufacturers to clearly list palm oil as an ingredient in their products. Although the amounts found in individual products are small, they add up to large swaths of rainforest destruction and habitat and species depletion in the Borneo rainforest.

Until recently, palm oil was being added to fuel, as per the EU Biofuels Directive initiative, however due to warnings from several major environmental bodies, a moratorium has been placed on this directive. The impact of this dirty industry is clear.

So What Can We Do?

Spread the word. Share this article. Tell your friends. Bring it up in conversation with family members. Despite much media attention being given to the subject of palm oil, many consumers are still unaware of the profound destruction that is being caused by this industry to our planet. If things don’t change soon, Borneo will have no rainforest left.

Boycott all palm oil products. Ditch the dirty companies. Consumer power counts for everything when it comes to palm oil. You can use this list to ascertain which products to support instead (note: not all the products on this list are vegan-friendly).

Put pressure on manufacturers to source sustainable palm oil or to not use it at all. Write to companies, start local campaigns, organize direct actions. Sign the petitions that are already available online- go here and here, for a start.

If you are a manufacturer, source your palm oil sustainably, or not at all. Local companies are more likely to adapt to these demands if asked to do so by the customers, or if they already have an ethical manifesto. The British cosmetics company Lush has stopped using palm oil altogether, opting to use coconut oil in its products instead.

Put pressure on the government to pass a law stating that products containing palm oil must be clearly labeled. Write to your local MP/governor to see what he or she is doing about the unclear labeling. Start a petition. Gather support. Make a noise about it.

Support rehabilitation projects in Borneo such as the Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS) Foundation. One of their reforestation projects transformed a 2,000 hectare wasteland into a thriving forest within just a few years. Give them your spare change, start a collection for them, or stage an event to fundraise for them and spread awareness of their cause.

The list goes on. There is a huge amount of work to be done to rectify the decades of environmental impact that the palm oil industry has had on the rainforests of our world. The points listed above are just a start. Other demands that must be made include protecting the peat swamp forests that remain, supporting the displaced indigenous peoples and animals back into their natural environments, and ending the corruption that allows this environmental atrocity, which includes mass illegal logging, to take place in the Borneo rainforest. What will you do?


Dr Mosley suggests doing short bursts of exercise. It’s about quality rather than quantity, he explained. These short bursts improve the power cells in muscles that stimulate fat burning and suppress the appetite.

Here is a daily breakdown of a week on this Fast Exercise Plan.

Day 1 – 20 seconds HIT
Day 2 – 7 minutes FAST Strength
Day 3 – 20 seconds HIT
Day 4 – Rest
Day 5 – 7 minutes FAST Strength
Day 6 – 20 seconds HIT
Day 7 – Rest

Dr Oz: High Intensity Training

Start out with just 20 seconds per day of High Intensity Training, which you can see on days one, three, and six. Warm up while wearing a heart monitor. The goal is to get your heart rate up around 140 beats per minute.

Against high resistance, push yourself to maintain intense exercise, such as pedaling a stationary bicycle for about 20 seconds. Let yourself rest for a minute or two, and then repeat this for 20 seconds. Dr Mosley also said you could repeat the cycle a third time. Each time, you would notice your heart rate going higher and higher.

He said he does this method himself, and it takes just four minutes out of his day to make lasting results. To do this on a treadmill, do a 15 degree incline and run “like you’re being chased by a rabid dog” for 20 seconds. Be sure to check in with your doctor before embarking on any new exercise plan.
Dr Oz: Fast Strength Training

Two days per week, you are doing Fast Strength Training. While HIT Training is good for your heart and lungs, Fast Training gives you the physique you want. In just five or six minutes per day, you can get the exercise you need.

Do a set of 15 Push Ups (known in Britain as Press Ups) to work out your arm muscles. Rest for 10 seconds and then move to the next step. It’s time for 30 seconds of Squats, which will help to exercise your lower muscles.
Dr Oz: Rest Days & Fast Diet

Dr Mosely say  you need some recovery time for the body to keep up. You can get more information on modifying the program to make it work for you from his book. He said you might see big results over a period of about six weeks.

He said that exercise is not effective on its own, but if you do it while managing your calories, you should see the best outcome.

It is rarely mentioned in the health-food world, but contains more nutrients than you could ever imagine. Moringa Oleifera, a tiny plant native to the Himalayan Mountains of Northern India, is a miracle plant used world-wide to address malnutrition. The health benefits of Moringa are far and beyond any superfood we come across today. It is energizing, alkalizing, anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, and so much more!

The leaves, seed pods, oil, and flowers of the Moringa plant are all edible, along with the bark and roots which are highly medicinal. If you want one plant that will provide with a diverse array of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and protein, then Moringa is your new best friend.

Here are 10 of the most note-worthy health benefits of Moringa!
1. Improves digestion

Moringa has been traditionally used to treat digestive disorders like diarrhea, constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. Moringa leaf tea also helps soothe upset stomaches and contains powerful anti-ulcer properties.

2. Helps nourish and heal the skin

The leaves of the Moringa plant contain 3 times more vitamin E than almonds. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals and prevents cellular damage from occurring, which means less wrinkles and fine lines, and stronger, healthier skin.

3. Nourishes the nervous system

High in B vitamins, Moringa is a great way to support and nourish the nervous system. It is particularly high in vitamin B12, which is an essential vitamin needed for the proper functioning and development of the brain and nerve cells. Moringa can therefore help battle depression and increase mental clarity.

4. Amazing anti-inflammatory

Banish aches and pains with the power of Moringa! Studies have found that Moringa is useful in treating rheumatic and articulary pain. It works by suppressing the COX-2 enzyme, which is normally responsible for inflammation processes and pain response.

5. Reduces cancer risk

The high antioxidant content of this plant makes it a powerful cancer fighter. Moringa oleifera leaf extracts have been shown to possess powerful anti-cancer effects by inducing apoptosis (cell death) and preventing proliferation of tumour cells.

6. Bone strengthening

Moringa contains 4 times more calcium than milk (125% of our RDA of calcium) and 61% of our RDA of magnesium. We all know that calcium helps build strong, healthy bones, but magnesium is also crucial (and this is one mineral that most of us are deficient). Magnesium is required to adequately absorb calcium, stimulate calcitonin (a hormone that takes calcium from the blood and tissues, back to the bones), regulate calcium transport and activate enzymes needed for bone formation.

7. Rich in amino acids

The leaves of the Moringa plant contain 18 amino acids, 8 of which are essential amino acids, thus making it a “complete” protein. In fact, Moringa contains as much protein as eggs! Who said vegans can’t get enough protein?

Protein is used build muscle tissue and repair damaged tissue. It also facilitates building of cartilage, bones, skin and blood, and plays a role in producing enzymes and hormones.

8. Improves wound healing

Moringa has been found to improve wound healing in minor to more extreme injuries. It contains an antibiotic-like compound called lunasin that protects our cells and has anti-fungal properties.

9. Cardiovascular support

If you suffer from high blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar, then Moringa is your plant! The leaves of Moringa possess a hypolipidemic effect, which helps reduce bad (LDL) cholesterol, while maintaining good (HDL) cholesterol. This powerful little plant also helps normalize blood sugar and blood pressure.

10. Used as an aphrodisiac and promotes libido

This miracle plant not only boosts energy levels, but it also boosts sexual desire, thanks to little compounds called saponins, which support libido and testosterone levels. Moringa also improves blood flow, which can be a big help for men who have sexual disorders.

“No disease, including cancer, can exist in an alkaline environment.” — Dr. Otto Warburg

Cancer thrives in an acidic environment, and doesn’t survive in an normal, more alkaline environment. The majority of the foods and drinks we consume are highly acidic. Unless we have been eating a very healthy diet, full of fresh fruit and vegetables, our body is way too acidic. Creating a very good environment for cancer to grow in.

🍋 Lemons and limes are alkaline, not acidic as many people think

There are 125 medical schools in the US with only 30 requiring a course in nutrition. The average Doctor receives 2.5 hours during the entire eight yrs of education. The most common cause of death in the US is heart attacks. Every 45 seconds someone dies of a heart attack with the average risk of having a heart attack for an average man is 50%. 95% of the population are meat/dairy eaters. If you eliminate meat and dairy from your diet all together, you reduce the risk of having a heart attack by 90%. The average cholesterol level of people eating meat-centered-diet is 210 mg/dl . Chance of dying from heart disease if you are male and your blood cholesterol level is 210 mg/dl is greater than 50 percent. I talk about so many dangers of meat consumption on this page from the environment to animal cruelty and to the health and well being of humans. There is no food worse for you than meat and dairy. There is tremendous evidence that this food group is the number one cause of cancer, heart disease, diabetes and obesity. People still smoke and it says right on the package that “smoking causes cancer.” People still drink alcohol and it is a surety that excess drinking causes liver cancer, heart disease and the addiction of alcoholism. People will still eat meat and dairy no matter what evidence and repercussions they experience. Meat and dairy consumption is such a drag on our economy, our healthcare, the environment and the ethical treatment of animals. While McDonald’s and Burger King explode in sales and store openings, so do mortuaries and heart disease wards. There is no end to the epidermic of human diseases, animal suffering and the depletion of our natural resources as well as the pollution of our waters, air and land. Something for sure has to be done and done quickly as our resources are running out. Super-sizing in people is a repercussion of super-sizing 64 ounce cokes, triple size bacon/cheese burgers and pizzas the size of small aircraft. Our healthcare is a major political issue and a huge portion of our debt is because of the high increase in healthcare. Very little is spent on preventive medicine. People like Jamie Oliver who goes to schools and educates kids on a healthy diet is being banned in cities like Los Angeles because kids were not eating the high fat foods the schools offered and opted to bring fresh fruit and vegetables. This is so wrong as it shows our economy depends on the fast food industry to survive and our schools depend on the sales of sodas, salted snacks, candy bars and pizzas. People should be subsidized for a healthy diet, organic farms should be subsidized for growing health foods instead of animal agricultural farms being subsidized to offset the high cost of raising animals for food. Our entire system is backwards. We have no preventive healthcare in place and until we do, our planet will just get sicker and sicker……..

Kombucha is a fermented tea that has been consumed for thousands of years.

Not only does it have the same health benefits as tea — it’s also rich in beneficial probiotics.

Kombucha also contains antioxidants, can kill harmful bacteria and may help fight several diseases.

Here are the top 8 health benefits of kombucha, based on scientific evidence.

1. Kombucha Is a Rich Source of Probiotics

Kombucha is thought to originate in China or Japan.

It’s made by adding specific strains of bacteria, yeast and sugar to black or green tea, then allowing it to ferment for a week or more (1).

During this process, bacteria and yeast form a mushroom-like film on the surface of the liquid. This is why kombucha is also known as “mushroom tea.”

This blob is a living symbiotic colony of bacteria and yeast, or a SCOBY, and can be used to ferment new kombucha.

The fermentation process produces acetic acid (also found in vinegar) and several other acidic compounds, trace levels of alcohol and gases that make it carbonated (2).

A large amount of probiotic bacteria is also produced during fermentation (3).

Probiotics provide your gut with healthy bacteria. These bacteria can improve many aspects of health, including digestion, inflammation and even weight loss.

For this reason, adding probiotics foods like kombucha to your diet might improve your health in many ways

Kombucha is a type of tea that has been fermented. This makes it a good source of probiotics, which have many health benefits.

2. Kombucha May Provide the Benefits of Green Tea

Green tea is one of the healthiest beverages on the planet.

This is because green tea contains many bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols, which function as powerful antioxidants in the body (4).

Kombucha made from green tea contains many of the same plant compounds and presumably boasts some of the same benefits (5).

Studies show that drinking green tea regularly can increase the number of calories you burn, reduce belly fat, improve cholesterol levels, help with blood sugar control and more (6, 7, 8, 9).

Studies also show that green tea drinkers have a reduced risk of prostate, breast and colon cancers (10, 11, 12).

Kombucha made from green tea may offer many of the same health benefits as green tea itself, such as weight loss and blood sugar control.

3. Kombucha Contains Antioxidants

Antioxidants are substances that fight free radicals, reactive molecules that can damage your cells (13, 14).

Many scientists believe that antioxidants from foods and beverages are better for your health than antioxidant supplements (15).

Kombucha, especially when made with green tea, appears to have antioxidant effects in your liver.

Rat studies consistently find that drinking kombucha regularly reduces liver toxicity caused by toxic chemicals, in some cases by at least 70% (16, 17, 18, 19).

While no human studies exist on this topic, it does seem like a promising area of research for people with liver disease.

Kombucha is rich in antioxidants, and studies have shown that it protects rats’ liver from toxicity.

4. Kombucha Can Kill Bacteria

One of the main substances produced during the fermentation of kombucha is acetic acid, which is also abundant in vinegar.

Like the polyphenols in tea, acetic acid is able to kill many potentially harmful microorganisms (20).

Kombucha made from black or green tea appears to have strong antibacterial properties, particularly against infection-causing bacteria and Candida yeasts (21).

These antimicrobial effects suppress the growth of undesirable bacteria and yeasts, but they do not affect the beneficial, probiotic bacteria and yeasts involved in kombucha fermentation.

The health relevance of these antimicrobial properties is unclear

Kombucha is rich in tea polyphenols and acetic acid, which have both been shown to suppress the growth of undesirable bacteria and yeasts.

5. Kombucha May Reduce Heart Disease Risk

Heart disease is the world’s leading cause of death (22).

Rat studies show that kombucha can greatly improve two markers of heart disease, “bad” LDL and “good” HDL cholesterol, in as few as 30 days (23, 24).

Even more importantly, tea (especially green tea) protects LDL cholesterol particles from oxidation, which is thought to contribute to heart disease (25, 26, 27).

In fact, green tea drinkers have up to a 31% lower risk of developing heart disease, a benefit that may also apply to kombucha (28, 29, 30)

Kombucha has been shown to improve “bad” LDL and “good” HDL cholesterol levels in rats. It may also protect against heart disease.

6. Kombucha May Help Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes affects over 300 million people worldwide. It is characterized by high blood sugar levels and insulin resistance.

A study in diabetic rats found that kombucha slowed down the digestion of carbs, which reduced blood sugar levels. It also improved liver and kidney function (23).

Kombucha made from green tea is likely to be even more beneficial, as green tea itself has been shown to reduce blood sugar levels (31).

In fact, a review study of almost 300,000 individuals found that green tea drinkers had an 18% lower risk of becoming diabetic (32).

Further human studies are needed to investigate the benefits of kombucha for blood sugar control.

Kombucha improved several markers of diabetes in rats, including blood sugar levels.

7. Kombucha May Help Protect Against Cancer

Cancer is one of the world’s leading causes of death. It is characterized by cell mutation and uncontrolled cell growth.

In test-tube studies, kombucha helped prevent the growth and spread of cancerous cells due to its high concentration of tea polyphenols and antioxidants (33, 34).

How the anti-cancer properties of tea polyphenols work is not well understood.

However, it’s thought that the polyphenols block gene mutation and growth of cancer cells while also promoting cancer cell death (35).

For this reason, it is not surprising that tea drinkers are much less likely to develop various types of cancer (36, 37, 38).

However, whether kombucha has any anti-cancer effects in people has not been confirmed. Further studies are needed.

Test-tube studies show that kombucha may suppress the growth of cancer cells. It is unknown whether drinking kombucha has any effects on cancer risk in people.

8. Kombucha Is Healthy When Made Properly

Kombucha is a probiotic-rich tea with many potential health benefits.

You can purchase it in stores or make it yourself at home. However, be sure to prepare it properly.

Contaminated or over-fermented kombucha can cause serious health problems and even death. Homemade kombucha may also contain up to 3% alcohol (2, 39, 40, 41).

The safer option is to buy kombucha at a store or online. Commercial products are tasty and considered alcohol-free, as they must contain less than 0.5% alcohol (42).

However, check the ingredients and try to avoid brands that are high in added sugar.


Improperly prepared kombucha may have adverse health effects. A safer option is to buy bottled kombucha at the store.

The Bottom Line

Many people believe that kombucha helps treat all sorts of chronic health problems.

However, human studies on the effects of kombucha are few and the evidence for its health effects limited.

In contrast, there is ample evidence for the benefits of tea and probiotics, both of which are found in kombucha.

If you decide to try homemade kombucha, make sure it’s properly prepared. Contaminated kombucha may cause more harm than good.

Forbidden Black Rice and Quinoa is a nutritional marriage made in vegan-heaven. Both of these amazing grains are loaded with antioxidants, protein, calcium, fiber and many other valuable life sustaining nutrients.

“The Long-Lost Superfood” – Forbidden Black Rice, a treasure house of antioxidants, fiber, nutrients, minerals and amino acids capable of combating and preventing a host of health problems ranging from cancer, diabetes, and heart disease to Alzheimer’s. Apparently, the emperor’s of ancient China were right. The black, outer layer of this rice, contains antioxidant-rich bran. The purple and reddish pigment of this rice, which gives it its black appearance, contains Anthocyanins, the same antioxidants found in such prominent superfoods as blueberries, Acai berries and grapes. Forbidden Black Rice is one of my favorite grains. The Emperor’s of ancient China guarded the secretive Black Forbidden Rice like gold and only allowed his family to consume it.

Quinoa is an excellent protein and calcium source and contains all essential amino acids (useful for vegans and vegetarians). One cup of ready-to-eat quinoa has nearly 10 grams of protein or twice the amount of protein found in other cereal grains, it also has 5 grams of fiber, for just 220 calories. The Incas only allowed their warriors to eat quinoa because it gave them amazing stamina and energy. Quinoa is actually a seed from a fruit plant, not a grain, but it looks like a grain so I just call it a grain – I know a lot of people will correct me –

Both Quinoa and Black Forbidden Rice is “Gluten Free.”

My recipe is simple. The Forbidden Black Rice takes thirty minutes to prepare. Rinse one cup of Forbidden Black Rice and add to pot along with two cups of water. Bring to a boil and simmer for thirty minutes.

Quinoa takes fifteen minutes to prepare so take one cup of quinoa and rinse it well, add to a pot along with two cups of water and cook for fifteen minutes.

Fluff and let stand with the heat and covered both the quinoa and Forbidden Black Rice when finished for ten minutes or so. Then combine both grains in a mixing bowl along with your favorite vegetables like onions, parsley, shredded kale, carrots, celery, etc.

Toss well with fresh squeezed lemon or lime juice and serve with avocado slices……….

Delicious and super healthy beyond your wildest imagination…

and Quinoa is a nutritional marriage made in vegan-heaven. Both of these amazing grains are loaded with antioxidants, protein, calcium, fiber and many other valuable life sustaining nutrients.

“The Long-Lost Superfood” – Forbidden Black Rice, a treasure house of antioxidants, fiber, nutrients, minerals and amino acids capable of combating and preventing a host of health problems ranging from cancer, diabetes, and heart disease to Alzheimer’s. Apparently, the emperor’s of ancient China were right. The black, outer layer of this rice, contains antioxidant-rich bran. The purple and reddish pigment of this rice, which gives it its black appearance, contains Anthocyanins, the same antioxidants found in such prominent superfoods as blueberries, Acai berries and grapes. Forbidden Black Rice is one of my favorite grains. The Emperor’s of ancient China guarded the secretive Black Forbidden Rice like gold and only allowed his family to consume it.

Quinoa is an excellent protein and calcium source and contains all essential amino acids (useful for vegans and vegetarians). One cup of ready-to-eat quinoa has nearly 10 grams of protein or twice the amount of protein found in other cereal grains, it also has 5 grams of fiber, for just 220 calories. The Incas only allowed their warriors to eat quinoa because it gave them amazing stamina and energy. Quinoa is actually a seed from a fruit plant, not a grain, but it looks like a grain so I just call it a grain – I know a lot of people will correct me –

Both Quinoa and Black Forbidden Rice is “Gluten Free.”

My recipe is simple. The Forbidden Black Rice takes thirty minutes to prepare. Rinse one cup of Forbidden Black Rice and add to pot along with two cups of water. Bring to a boil and simmer for thirty minutes.

Quinoa takes fifteen minutes to prepare so take one cup of quinoa and rinse it well, add to a pot along with two cups of water and cook for fifteen minutes.

Fluff and let stand with the heat and covered both the quinoa and Forbidden Black Rice when finished for ten minutes or so. Then combine both grains in a mixing bowl along with your favorite vegetables like onions, parsley, shredded kale, carrots, celery, etc.

Toss well with fresh squeezed lemon or lime juice and serve with avocado slices……….

Delicious and super healthy beyond your wildest imagination…

When it comes to charismatic healing gurus look no further than turmeric.  It’s not just a sunny bright spice to curry up dishes, it’s also commonly used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicine. Turmeric originates from the root of the Curcuma longa plant, which is a member of the ginger family and it’s one of nature’s most powerful healers and a true guru.

I know you will relate to this cleansing tea with its alkalizing and detoxifying properties which provide powerful anti-inflammatory action within your body. Turmeric is a superhero ingredient to help heal and prevent dry skin, slow aging, diminish wrinkles and improve skin’s elasticity.

Indian women use turmeric as a facial cleanser and exfoliant. If you are using fresh turmeric, handle with care as it stains easily. If you do happen to turn your favorite garment yellow try squeezing on lemon juice or eucalyptus to remove the stain.
So here’s to my number one health guru turmeric. Make it yours too!


  • 250 ml almond or walnut milk
  • 2 tsp ground tumeric
  • 1 tsp finely grated ginger
  • Coconut sugar/Stevia/Honey


  1. Add the almond milk to small saucepan and heat gently until it reaches room temperature.
  2. Add the turmeric and ginger to a mug.
  3. Pour a small amount of warm milk into the mug and stir to create a liquid paste, ensuring there are no lumps.
  4. Add the remaining milk and sweeten with stevia.

Nothing can compare to the love Indonesians have for their crushed chili paste called Sambal. Sambal is a typical Indonesian condiment prepared with the main ingredient, chili, and other ingredients, such as salt and dried shrimp. The heat of Sambal may vary from sweet and spicy to extra hot. There are many different types of Sambal in every region in Indonesia. For example, Sambal Matah from Bali, Sambal Goang from West Java, Sambal Dabu-dabu from Sulawesi, and many more. However, there are also more creative and experimental Sambals that are just as amazing. Here are 28 kinds of Sambal found all over Indonesia, down below!

for Vegan they are all can be adapt please omit the non vegan ingredients ……………

# 1 Sambal Terasi Brambang Tomat
Sambal Terasi Brambang Tomat has a combination of spicy chili paste and fresh tomatoes, with the addition of distinctive shallot flavor.

# 2 Sambal Mangga Muda
Sambal Mangga Muda has unripe mango as its main ingredient, mixed with just the right amount of chili and other spices.

# 3 Sambal Tubruk
Tubruk means “crushed” in English. Sambal Tubruk contains red chili usually crushed by traditional cooking tool called Cowet.

# 4 Sambal Wader
Wader (spotted barb or common barb) is a very small kind of fish usually served deep fried. In Sambal Wader, the deep fried Waders are crushed and finely grinded with chili and shallot which gives it a deliciously savory flavor.

# 5 Sambal Jamur
Jamur means “mushroom” in English. This sambal is known for its juiciness, which comes from the mushrooms, and is very refreshingly spicy. It is very suitable to accompany your warm steamed white rice.

# 6 Sambal Cumi
Cumi or “calamari” gets mixed with crushed chili, and voila! There you have it, Sambal Cumi!

# 7 Sambal Udang Pedas
Udang, which means “shrimp” in English, gets mixed with crushed chili and other flavorful spices.

# 8 Sambal Terong
An extra-large Terong (Eggplant) is cooked and then mixed with crushed chili and shallot.

# 9 Sambal Gobal-gabul
Sambal Gobal-gabul surely has a unique name. This sambal was created by mixing 5 kinds of other sambals which are Sambal Teri, Sambal Bajak, Sambal Terasi Matang, Sambal Rampelo Ati and Sambal Gudangan.

# 10 Sambal Tomat
Fresh tomat (Tomato) is mixed with crushed chili, shallot and other delicious spices which bring out the refreshing spiciness with just the right amount of ‘oiliness’ .

# 11 Sambal Bajak
Sambal Bajak will deliver a very distinctive flavor because the crushed chili and shallot are sautéed with torn lime leaves and other spices.

# 12 Sambal Goreng Rampelo Ati
This sambal contains crushed chicken liver. It is cooked with chili paste, coconut milk and other flavorful spices.

# 13 Sambal Rampelo Ati
Sambal Rampelo Ati contains diced chicken liver, mixed mainly with crushed chili and shallot.

# 14 Sambal Kecap
Sambal Kecap is usually made of sweet black soy sauce, mixed with sliced cayenne pepper, sliced raw shallot, and maybe some diced tomato.

# 15 Sambal Goreng Brambang
The flavor character of this crushed chili paste is spicy, slightly salty, slightly sweet, savory, fresh, and with a pinch of sour lime.

# 16 Sambal Bawang Gobal-gabul
As unique as its name, the kind of this Sambal will leave you with the impression of a distinctive aroma of lime leaves.

# 17 Sambal Bawang Lombok Ijo
This sambal mainly contains green chili and shallot, hence ‘ijo’ in the name: ‘green’.

# 18 Sambal Bawang Tomat
Bawang merah, which means shallot in English, is one of the main ingredients of this Sambal. Besides this, there are also red chilis, crushed tomatoes, and other seasonings.

How your food is served at Warung SS (Special Sambal)

# 19 Sambal Bawang Goreng
Goreng can be directly translated to “fried” in English. Sambal Bawang Goreng mainly contains crushed red cayenne pepper and crushed shallot which are then fried or sautéed with the addition of other spices.

# 20 Sambal Bawang
Sambal Bawang is one of the most basic kinds of sambal which is usually used as a substitute for other sambal. It contains crushed red chili, shallot and other seasoning to taste.

# 21 Sambal Terasi Lombok Ijo
Terasi is made of dried tiny shrimps which are processed into paste. Terasi has a very distinctive savory flavor and very commonly used in Indonesian dishes. Sambal Terasi Lombok Ijo contains crushed green chili, terasi, usually shallot and other seasonings. Terasi needs to be fried before use, and gives a distinctive smell when you cook it…some would describe it as the smell of feces.

# 22 Sambal Terasi Tomat Segar
Sambal Terasi Tomat Segar has crushed red chili, terasi, and crushed fresh tomatoes which will make this Sambal a bit watery.

# 23 Sambal Terasi Matang
This sambal contains crushed red chili, shallot, the shrimp paste and other spices. It usually gets fried before being mashed.

# 24 Sambal Terasi Segar
The shrimp paste usually comes in the form of a solid cube. Before it gets mixed with other ingredients, the shrimp paste usually gets half-grilled by stove for about 30 seconds to add more flavor into it. In making Sambal Terasi Segar, the mix of red chili, shallot, terasi and other seasonings is not fried before getting grinded.

# 25 Sambal Tahu
Sambal Tahu contains tofu, and crushed red chili, shallot and other seasonings to add taste.

# 26 Sambal Tempe
Tempeh is definitely the highlight of this Sambal as it gets mixed with usually red chili, shallot and other flavorful spices.

# 27 Sambal Teri
Fried Teri or Anchovy fish gets mixed with red chili, shallot, and other spices to taste.

# 28 Sambal Belut
Belut or Eel fish in English, gets deep fried, crushed and mixed with grinded red chili, shallot and other spices. This sambal tastes spicy, slightly salty and deliciously savory.

Sambals are best eaten as the dip sauce of the protein on your plate. Start with ayam goreng (fried chicken), ikan bakar (grilled fish), or even with tahu and tempe goreng (fried tofu or tempeh). As you dive into your plate, usually the protein gets accompanied with steamed white rice and sautéed vegetables as a side dish.

Is your mouth watering after reading all those kinds of Sambal above? Why don’t you come to your nearest Warung Special Sambal in Indonesia? You can not only find one or two kinds of sambal there, but also all 28 kinds of Sambal mentioned above! Warung Special Sambal has poured tons of imagination into creating all these kinds of Sambal, so what are you waiting for?!

In the small village of Demulih, a group of devotees in a Hindu temple eagerly await the arrival of Ida Resi Alit, the youngest high priestess of the Indonesian island of Bali, who conducts the purification ceremony.

Around 20 women – most of them dressed in sarongs (a fabric wrapped round the waist) and kebayas (traditional Javanese blouse) – and one man meditate before a water ritual carries away bad energies, negative thoughts and past problems, making room for the new.

Ida Resi, 31, pours water on the visitors with a metal container while reciting mantras and instructing them to let go of the emotions inside, to express them and to breathe.

Melukat is a traditional blessing ceremony done in Bali and the purification with water is like taking a shower with which one cleanses the body and, at the same time, the soul, Ida Resi tells EFE inside the temple.

The priestess, who was ordained the high priestess by the Hindu organization, Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia, 10 years ago, explains that she performs the ceremony every day, usually with groups of 20-50 people.

The ceremony is free but visitors can make donations of any amount.

Ida Resi’s fame – she has been invited to events such as the World Economic Forum on East Asia 2015 and the New Earth Festival 2017, held in Jakarta and Bali respectively – arises not so much from her post but more owing to the peculiarity of her case.

Greek engineer Maria Kellis, who holds a PhD in mysticism and spiritual healing, and who is writing a book on Ida Resi’s life, tells EFE that the post of a high priest is usually occupied by men, while their wives automatically become high priestesses and, therefore, it is very rare for a single woman to occupy the post.

After graduating from college, Ida Resi tried to find work on Bintan Island, a popular tourist destination for wealthy Singaporeans, but failed to do so and returned to Bali, suffering from depression.

Her grandfather, the village priest, initiated her into the practice of meditation and yoga.

Ida Resi explains that, one day, after having a near-death experience, she began reciting mantras without ever having studied them before, which caught the attention of the high priests.

She was named high priestess, despite being unmarried, on Mar. 14, 2007, the day she turned 21, making her the youngest women to hold the post – the average age to do so is between 60-70 years.

According to Kellis, Ida Resi is a model for Balinese women, who often suffer gender inequality and societal restrictions, and she serves to spark change in society from within.

Meanwhile, the youngest priestess of Bali, who seems quite unaffected by her fame among tourists nor concerned about money, says her mission is to build an ashram (meditation center), where she can share her wisdom with the rest of the world.